Ohio Bill copies the abortion ban in Texas and goes further. Here are which states could be next.

Topline

Republican lawmakers in Ohio on Tuesday introduced legislation that mimics Texas’ controversial abortion law – but goes even further by banning all abortions – becoming the second state to introduce such a bill, potentially with a dozen other GOP-led states likely to follow, as the Supreme Court reviews whether the law is even legal.

Highlights

Ohio legislationsimilar to Texas Senate Bill 8 (SB 8), would be enforced by private citizens suing anyone who facilitates an abortion, who can receive at least $10,000 in damages if successful.

The bill’s outright abortion ban is more extreme than SB 8, which only prohibits abortions that take place after about six weeks of pregnancy, but allows abortions when the mother’s life is at risk. danger – and although there is no exception for rape. or incest, it allows citizens to prosecute anyone who impregnated the person who had the abortion “by an act of rape, sexual assault, gross sexual imposition” or other legally prohibited acts.

A GOP lawmaker in Florida was the first to introduce a bill mimicking SB 8 in September, which, like Texas law, only bans abortions after about six weeks.

Arkansas State Senator Jason Rapert noted it intends to introduce legislation soon that mimics SB 8, and Missouri State Rep. Mary Elizabeth Coleman told the Los Angeles Times in September, she intends to present a bill in December or January.

State legislators, including Mississippi, North Dakota and Indiana expressed interest in copying SB 8 and South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem tweeted after the Texas law went into effect, she ordered her office to “immediately review” SB 8 and South Dakota’s abortion laws to “ensure we have the pro-life laws the strictest in force”.

Guttmacher Institute pro-abortion rights predicted at least 14 states may eventually introduce SB 8-style legislation, including Alabama, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Tennessee.

To monitor

The Associated Press Remarks Ohio’s bill already has the support of more than half of the Ohio House Republican caucus, potentially giving it enough momentum to pass, though it’s unclear whether it will. could also be passed by the State Senate. Elisabeth Smith, director of state policy and advocacy at the Center for Reproductive Rights, predicted ABC News in September, “the majority” of bills mimicking SB 8 are expected to be introduced early next year.

What we don’t know

Whether or not it is SB 8 – and, therefore, the bills that copy it – will stand in court. The Supreme Court heard arguments Monday in two lawsuits challenging the abortion law and has yet to decide whether the cases can go forward or whether to impose an injunction that prevents enforcement of the law as the litigation takes place. However, several conservative justices on the court have signaled that they may be inclined to side with Texas in a case brought by abortion providers.

Tangent

If SB 8 is holding up in court, it may not just be the abortion bills that other state lawmakers are trying to pass. Opponents of abortion bills have warned The lawsuit provision of SB 8 delegating private citizens to enforce the law could extend to other issueslike gun control or gay marriage.

Chief Spokesperson

“Banning abortion would be catastrophic for communities in Ohio,” Lauren Blauvelt-Copelin, vice president of government affairs and public advocacy at Planned Parenthood Advocates of Ohio, said in a statement Tuesday. “Anti-abortion lawmakers and vigilantes don’t have to make personal medical decisions for their neighbors.”

Key Context

SB 8 went into effect September 1 as the most extreme abortion law in the United States. The law is part of a larger effort by GOP state lawmakers to restrict or ban abortion, along with the Guttmacher Institute. reports more than 100 abortion restrictions have been enacted this year alone, the most ever recorded in a single year. While other states’ abortion bans were quickly overturned by the courts, SB 8’s lawsuit provision was designed to evade judicial review, making it a call for copying for other states. The law enforcement mechanism makes it more difficult to identify defendants who may in fact be barred from applying the law – a strategy that has so far been largely blocked, as the Supreme Court has already done so. ruled once in favor of the law and a federal appeals court left SB 8 remain in force while the litigation against it unfolds.

Further reading

2 Ohio lawmakers introduce Texas-style abortion restriction (Associated Press)

Florida lawmaker presents copy of Texas abortion law — GOP politicians in other states likely to follow (Forbes)

Texas abortion law: Conservative Supreme Court justices signal willingness to rule against SB 8 (Forbes)

New Texas abortion law becomes model for other states (Los Angeles Times)

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